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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149931 Find in a Library
Title: Crime of Convenience: The Environment and Convenience Store Robbery
Journal: Environment and Behavior  Volume:22  Issue:2  Dated:(March 1990)  Pages:255-271
Author(s): S D'Alessio; L Stolzenberg
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 17
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Thirty randomly selected convenience stores in Leon County (Fla.) were studied to determine whether their physical characteristics and surrounding demographics significantly affected their vulnerability to robbery.
Abstract: The study used information from the 1980 census and from police records on convenience store robberies that occurred between January 1981 and December 1984. The data were analyzed by means of multivariate statistical methods. Results revealed that environmental factors are not important predictors of whether a convenience store is robbed. However, the parking lot size, degree of social disorganization surrounding the store, the number of hours open, and whether gasoline service is provided are significant in determining the severity of the robbery. Findings suggested that offenders may not be uniform in their determination of what constitutes vulnerability. Results also indicated that if novice offenders are unable to differentiate between high-risk and low-risk targets, then primary prevention strategies based on indirect controls such as symbolic barriers and surveillance may not be totally effective in deterring crime. Tables, notes, and 76 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Convenience store security; Crime prediction; Crime prevention planning; Criminal methods; Environmental influences; Florida; Robbery
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