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NCJ Number: 149943 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice and the Production of Order and Control: Criminological Research in the UK in the 1980s
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:34  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1994)  Pages:265-290
Author(s): T Jefferson; J Shapland
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 26
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This paper discusses criminological research conducted in the United Kingdom during the 1980's; the primary focus is on the double-sided nature of Thatcherism and the resulting bifurcated responses to law and order.
Abstract: The 1970's ended with a pervasive sense of crisis, with the Conservative opposition proposing tough law and order measures. The Thatcher government introduced legislation to extend prison privatization, give more resources to the police, build prisons, deal with juvenile offenders, and make families and communities more self-reliant. Criminological research during the 1980's focused on such themes as realism, accountability, civil liberties, crime prevention, community safety, victims, financial management and accountability, effectiveness and efficiency, privatization, and centralization. Research was conducted in an environment of public concern over and official scrutiny of the police, prisons, and courts. Further, due to a rapid rise in the crime rate during the last half of the 1980's, crime, explanations of crime, and the criminal justice system's performance were covered extensively in the media. The message of criminological research during the 1980's was that activity did not necessarily equate with influence. Just as consumerism and a deliberate opening up of criminal justice markets to new providers reduced the influence of traditional criminal justice professionals, more ideological criminal justice policies and a new management confidence among professionals reduced the influence of criminologists. 180 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Foreign criminal justice research; Foreign criminal justice systems; Political influences; United Kingdom (UK)
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