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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149945 Find in a Library
Title: Jockeys and Joyriders: Changing Patterns in Car Theft Opportunity Structures
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:34  Issue:3  Dated:(Summer 1994)  Pages:307-321
Author(s): P Tremblay; Y Clermont; M Cusson
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Yearly variations in the number of recovered stolen vehicles between 1963 and 1988 were used to measure changes in joyriding and short-term transportation offenses in Quebec, Canada.
Abstract: Yearly rates of recovered stolen vehicles decreased throughout the 1963-1988 time period, while rates of unrecovered stolen vehicles increased. In 1963, only 16 percent of all stolen vehicles were unrecovered; this figure climbed to 41.3 percent in 1988. Among recovered stolen vehicles, some were used to commit other crimes. The decline in the number of motor vehicles stolen for joyriding or transportation purposes was due to changes in demographics, prevalence of motorized households, arrest risk, and vulnerability of motor vehicles to theft. Application of the joyrider model to analyze changes in the number of stolen vehicles over time showed that variations in joyriding offenses responded mainly to combined variations in the pool of potentially motivated offenders and the pool of vulnerable targets. Application of the jockey model indicated that yearly increases in new vehicle costs had a positive but nonsignificant impact on the number of unrecovered stolen vehicles, increases in the number of motor vehicles involved in accidents appeared to reduce the need for stolen vehicle parts, and the deterrent effect of arrest risk declined. Data on recovered and unrecovered stolen motor vehicles in Quebec for the 1963-1988 period are tabulated in an appendix. 40 references, 2 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Auto related offenses; Canada; Crime in foreign countries; Motor Vehicle Theft; Stolen property recovery; Stolen vehicles
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