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NCJ Number: 149954 Find in a Library
Title: What's Wrong With YOA Bashing? What's Wrong With the YOA -- Recognizing the Limits of the Law
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology  Volume:36  Issue:3  Dated:(July 1994)  Pages:247-270
Author(s): N Bala
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 24
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: The author outlines major criticisms of Canada's Young Offenders Act (YOA) and identifies areas where legal reforms may improve the Canadian juvenile justice system.
Abstract: While the YOA was enacted with the support of all political parties, a perceived rise in juvenile crime has led many to advocate YOA reforms. One trend is toward longer sentences and more juvenile transfers to adult courts. Other proposals include lowering maximum and minimum ages for YOA jurisdiction, making identifying information public, and holding parents accountable for offenses committed by their children. Still others question the extent to which Canada has experienced a real increase in the incidence of youth crime. While political critics challenge the YOA for not being tough enough, mental health professionals often argue that the YOA fails because it does not pay enough attention to rehabilitation. Criticisms of and support for the YOA are discussed that focus on age jurisdiction, due process rights, information sharing, discretion, alternatives to institutionalization, pretrial detention, custody, and transfer to adult court. The YOA is compared to the Juvenile Delinquents Act of 1908. 24 references and 20 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Canada; Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Foreign laws; Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile courts; Juvenile detention; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile rehabilitation; Youthful offenders
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