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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 149958 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Offences -- Adult Consequences
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology  Volume:36  Issue:3  Dated:(July 1994)  Pages:329-341
Author(s): L A Beaulieu
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 13
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: The author briefly outlines the context in which Canada's Young Offenders Act (YOA) of 1984 was adopted and discusses YOA provisions that focus on juvenile transfers to adult courts.
Abstract: In abandoning the concept of an all-embracing offense of delinquency, the YOA focuses on the commission of a specific offense rather than on the condition of an offender. The fundamental aim of the YOA is to balance young people's needs and society's interests. The YOA provides for juvenile transfers to adult courts in exceptional cases, usually cases involving murder or attempted murder. In such transfers, the juvenile court must take into account offense seriousness, circumstances in which the offense was committed, age and background of the young person, adequacy of the YOA and the Criminal Code to meet case circumstances, availability of treatment or correctional resources, and other factors deemed relevant. Transfer applications are discussed in terms of innocence or guilt, and the YOA is viewed as only one element in society's response to youth crime. 12 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Canada; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Foreign laws; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile courts; Juvenile justice policies; Violent juvenile offenders; Youthful offenders
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