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NCJ Number: 149961 Find in a Library
Title: Diversion From Custody and Rehabilitation of Juvenile Detainees: Management Philosophies of the NSW Department of Juvenile Justice
Journal: Youth Studies Australia  Volume:13  Issue:1  Dated:(Autumn 1994)  Pages:29- 35
Author(s): M Cain
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 7
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Although New South Wales (NSW) has been perceived in the past having a relatively punitive juvenile justice system, changes have been implemented in the 1990's that focus on diverting juvenile detainees from custody and on rehabilitation.
Abstract: In the 1986-1987 period, NSW courts placed almost 1,500 juveniles in correctional institutions. In 1988, one in every 10 juveniles who appeared before a NSW Children's Court on a criminal matter was ordered into custody. In 1990, the Youth Justice Commission produced a report that outlined juvenile justice reforms for the 1990's. In addition, the Juvenile Justice Advisory Council (JJAC) was established in 1991 to provide advice to government officials on juvenile justice policies. The JJAC determined that the future direction for juvenile justice in NSW should focus on managing juvenile offenders in the community when possible in order to sustain and enhance family and community ties, limit the negative impact of incarceration on young people, and minimize juvenile detention costs. The use of conditional release for juvenile offenders is discussed, and an integrated approach to managing juveniles in custody is described. The provision of educational services in juvenile justice centers, as part of the Community Care Program, is also detailed. 9 references, 1 table, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Community-based corrections (juvenile); Corrections in foreign countries; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Juvenile detention; Juvenile diversion programs; Juvenile educational services; Juvenile justice policies; Juvenile justice reform; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile rehabilitation; New South Wales
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