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NCJ Number: 149970 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Prevalence of Syphylis, Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in New Arrestees at the Lake County Jail, Crown Point, Indiana
Journal: Journal of Prison and Jail Health  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:(Winter 1993)  Pages:135-155
Author(s): M E Minshall; D J Dickinson; M L Fleissner
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Atlanta, GA 30333
Grant Number: H25/CCH504340-06-1
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of syphilis, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by demographic and behavioral characteristics and to evaluate the costs associated with universal screening of arrestees at the Lake County Jail in Crown Point, Indiana, for sexually transmitted diseases (STD's).
Abstract: The prevalence of syphilis, HBV, and HIV infection were evaluated in two separate analyses: (1) name-linked portion, in which serum samples for syphilis and HBV testing were linked by name to a study questionnaire; and (2) number- linked portion, in which waste serum samples left over from syphilis and HBV screening tests were linked to an anonymous data sheet. Within 72 hours of their arrest, 576 new arrestees incarcerated at the Lake County Jail between October 1991 and January 1992 were offered a health evaluation and asked to participate in the study; 319 arrestees were screened for syphilis, HBV and HIV infection. The prevalence of syphilis was 2.5 percent, hepatitis B surface antigen 1.6 percent, past or present HBV infection 21.9 percent, and HIV infection 1.6 percent. Targeted screening for STD's proved to be more cost-effective than universal screening. 26 references and 6 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): AIDS/HIV in correctional facilities; AIDS/HIV testing policies; AIDS/HIV transmission; HIV antibody test; Indiana; Inmate statistics; Sexually transmitted diseases
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=149970

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