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NCJ Number: 150023 Find in a Library
Title: Truth and DARE: Tracking Drug Education to Graduation and as Symbolic Politics
Journal: Social Problems  Volume:41  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1994)  Pages:448-472
Author(s): E Wysong; R Aniskiewicz; D Wright
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 25
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The impact of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program was examined using questionnaire data from 288 high-school seniors who had received DARE as 7th graders and 335 seniors who had not been exposed to DARE.
Abstract: The questionnaires were completed by seniors in Kokomo High School in Indiana in 1991. The analysis focused on long-term effects, political potency, and implementation issues. Results revealed no significant differences between the two groups in drug use behaviors or attitudes. Findings from a focus group interview reinforced the quantitative results. At the macro level, DARE is found to be a form of symbolic politics, supported by direct and indirect stakeholders and embedded in a complex and powerful organizational support structure. Alternative explanations for the findings that the program had no effects include the influence of contextual factors, gaps between crucial program assumptions and the manner in which the program was implemented, and limitations of the program design. Results underscore the need for a more multifaceted discourse on drug prevention programs to consider the relative merits of both psychosocial and structural approaches to the issue of drug abuse. Figures, tables, footnotes, and 88 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Drug abuse education; Indiana; Police school relations; Project DARE; Services effectiveness
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