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NCJ Number: 150077 Find in a Library
Title: Collective Violence and the Rejection of Authority
Journal: Cahiers de la Securite Interieure  Issue:14  Dated:(August-October 1993)  Pages:105-136
Author(s): J Benyon
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 32
Type: Presentation
Format: Article
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: This article analyzes recent British riots and crowd violence and suggests factors which encourage collective violence.
Abstract: Investigations of crowd violence in Britain since the 1980's indicate that five conditions are present in nearly all instances: a high unemployment rate among the young; a general deterioration of housing facilities, social structures, and the environment; an exclusion from the political process; distrust and hostility toward the police; and racial prejudice. However, these conditions are present in other parts of Great Britain and Europe without resulting outbreaks of violence. The article isolates six additional factors which encourage rioting and urban strife. First, government programs and police measures have been unable to resolve Great Britain's urban problems. Second, some groups of the population to do not identify with the society's norms and values. Third, formal structures and institutions which could bring some members of the British population into the political process are missing. Fourth, excluded from the political decisionmaking process, these British citizens reject authority. Fifth, they also feel that the British government lacks legitimacy because of existing social injustices and instances of police brutality. Last, many underprivileged citizens perceive the British government as unjust. The article concludes that given the extent of the problems, no quick remedies can be expected. 57 references
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Civil violence causes; Collective violence; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Riot causes
Note: Paper presented at International Conference for Comparative Police Systems and Supports, Paris, December 1- 4, 1992
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