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NCJ Number: 150082 Find in a Library
Title: Effect of Executions on Homicides: Florida, 1979-1987 (From Academically Speaking: Criminal Justice-Related Research by Florida's Doctoral Candidates, P 3-15, 1991, Diane L. Zahm, ed. -- See NCJ-150081)
Author(s): C A Bullock
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Florida Statistical Analysis Ctr
Tallahassee, FL 32302
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Florida Statistical Analysis Ctr
P.O. Box 1489
Tallahassee, FL 32302
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines the effect of executions on homicides in Florida during the period between 1979 and 1987; daily homicide data for the State are used as well as a deterrability index that divides murders in the data set into three categories of those likely to decrease (deterrable), those likely to increase (brutalizable), and those likely to remain unchanged.
Abstract: Analyses included interrupted time series and an autoregressive integrated moving averages (ARIMA) analysis. The findings produced mixed results, but generally showed that executions have no effect on homicide rates. The study did find that the pattern of homicides following executions is an erratic and fluctuating pattern that could not be detected if only weekly or other periodic frequencies are reported. The analyses showed that the pattern and frequencies of deterrable homicides increased following executions, but not at a significant rate. There is some evidence that those homicides classified as brutalizable were deterred more than those classified as deterrable. 4 tables, 8 notes, and 32 references
Main Term(s): Crime prevention planning
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Crime Statistics; Deterrence effectiveness; Florida; Homicide trends
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