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NCJ Number: 150116 Find in a Library
Title: Firearm Violence and Public Health: Limiting the Availability of Guns
Journal: Journal of the American Medical Association  Volume:271  Issue:16  Dated:(April 27, 1994)  Pages:63-76
Author(s): Anonymous
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 14
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Firearm violence has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and represents a public health emergency since it accounts for 20 percent of all injury deaths and is second only to motor vehicle accidents as a cause of fatal injury.
Abstract: Firearm violence cost an estimated $19 billion in 1990, in addition to direct health care costs, and such violence disproportionately affects young people. In particular, homicide is the leading cause of death for young black men between 15 and 34 years of age and the second overall leading cause of death for individuals between 15 and 24 years of age. Suicide rates for both children and adolescents have more than doubled over the past 30 years, due primarily to increased firearms use. Gun control laws, such as the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, are useful but will not totally prevent the use of guns by criminals and others who are legally prohibited from owning guns. The following more stringent gun control measures should be considered: implementing a national licensing system for firearms possession; limiting the manufacture, sale, and distribution of military-style assault weapons; increasing taxes on firearms and ammunition; tightening Federal licensing requirements for gun dealers; limiting the number of guns an individual can buy; implementing a gun return program; implementing a firearm fatality and injury reporting system; and educating the public about the dangers of guns. Newspaper clippings are included that reflect the effects of firearm violence and the debate over gun control. 15 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Assault weapons; Crime Statistics; Firearm-crime relationships; Firearms deaths; Gun Control; Gun control legislation; Handguns; Homicide; Juvenile suicide; Violence prevention
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