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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 150135 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Relations Between Increases in the Certainty, Severity and Celerity of Punishment for Drug Crimes and Reductions in the Level of Crime, Drug Crime, and the Effects of Drug Abuse
Author(s): D P Cavanagh
Corporate Author: BOTEC Analysis Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 54
Sponsoring Agency: BOTEC Analysis Corporation
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Executive Office of the President
Washington, DC 20500
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

BOTEC Analysis Corporation
103 Blanchard Avenue, 1st Floor
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on a theoretical analysis and a literature review of relevant empirical studies, this report considers whether various efforts to increase the certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment for drug-defined and drug-related crimes is worthwhile from a public policy perspective.
Abstract: The report begins with an analysis of the methods that are currently available in the United States for punishing and controlling criminal behavior. Special attention is given to the capacity of the U.S. corrections system and how that capacity is currently affected by drug-crime convictions. This is followed by a review of the relations between punishment and control and criminal behavior. Also examined are the reasons why the relationship between punishment and crime level may be different for drug-defined crimes than for other crimes. The report continues with a brief description of how the United States' criminal justice system actually operates to punish crime, arguing that criminal justice policies must be framed within the criminal justice system as a whole. This involves taking into account how changes in one component of the criminal justice system will affect other components. The report concludes with an analysis of New York City's Tactical Narcotics Teams, a recent attempt to reduce drug-related crime by increasing the certainty, severity, and celerity of punishment for drug dealing and possession. The author concludes that increasing the certainty, severity, and/or celerity of punishment for drug-related crimes would require large additional investments in all parts of the criminal justice system and corrections system. Even if it were possible to increase punishment levels, current research provides no clear answer as to whether this would ultimately reduce drug-related crime. 96 references
Main Term(s): Drug law enforcement
Index Term(s): Court procedures; Deterrence effectiveness; Sentencing/Sanctions
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