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NCJ Number: 150200 Find in a Library
Title: Variety of French Police Models: A Historical Inventory
Author(s): M Berges; J-M Berliere; M Vogel
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Secutite Interieure
Paris 75015, France
Sale Source: Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Secutite Interieure
19, rue Peclet
Paris 75015,
Type: Historical Overview
Language: French
Country: France
Annotation: This historical study contradicts the cliche of the "French Model of Policing" by presenting alternative police models which emerged during the French Third Republic.
Abstract: The "French Model of Policing," which evolved from the absolute monarchy, has traditionally been characterized as a highly centralized and repressive agency of the national government. To contradict this facile stereotype, the first chapter describes a more flexible model of police crowd control which is respectful of civil liberties. This model challenged the traditional model of rigorous crowd control at the end of the 19th Century under the leadership of Louis Lepine, head of the Paris police. The second chapter presents alternative models to centralized police organization in the 19th Century; such alternatives included urban citizen militias and autonomous municipal police forces under local supervision. The third chapter describes a great variety of police administration models used in French urban centers from 1884 to 1941. These models, which emphasize a strong municipal police, gradually gave way to police centralization toward the end of the Third Republic.
Main Term(s): Foreign police
Index Term(s): Crime control model; Decentralization; Police command and control; Police tactical deployment
Note: Etudes et Recherches (Studies and Research)
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