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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 150222 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Family Strengthening in Prevention Delinquency: A Literature Review
Author(s): K L Kumpfer
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 78
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 87-JS-CX-K495
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Strengthening the ability of high-risk and dysfunctional families to raise successful children is emerging as a critical social issue.
Abstract: Children who live in non-nurturing families or in families that cannot provide adequate supervision have a tendency to become antisocial. Further, estimates indicate that one in four children living with two parents, single parents, or remarried parents live in poverty. Many research studies have found that children raised by socially and economically deprived families are at high-risk of chronic delinquency and drug use. The importance of involving the family in juvenile delinquency prevention efforts is increasingly being recognized. An etiological framework of family risk and protective factors for delinquency is described and illustrated, multiple risk factors in high risk youth and families are identified, and family factors in juvenile delinquency theories are noted. Socialization variables in juvenile delinquency are examined, including lack of parental or adult supervision, extended family or alternate caretaker supervision, sibling supervision, time with the child, covert versus overt conduct disorders, discipline, developmental expectations, parent-child relationships, family conflict and stressors, and mental health and depression. Specific ways of strengthening the family are described, and recommendations to improve the effectiveness of family interventions are offered. 199 references, 1 table, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Children at risk; Family intervention programs; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency research; Juvenile delinquency theory; Juvenile delinquents; Parent-Child Relations; Socialization
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