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NCJ Number: 150248 Find in a Library
Title: Gauging the Risk for Violence: Measurement, Impact and Strategies for Changes
Author(s): J Bonta; R K Hanson
Corporate Author: Canada Solicitor General
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Ministry of Supply and Services
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5, Canada
Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
Publication Number: ISBN 0-662-22383-7
Sale Source: Canada Ministry of Supply and Services
123 Slater Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: In examining how violent crime has changed over the past few years in Canada, the authors conclude that violent crime is a serious social issue but that it has not substantially increased in recent years.
Abstract: Factors that may account for the discrepancy between statistical data on violence and the public's fear of crime include statistical reporting methods, media portrayals of violence, and demographic and social factors. Canada's Criminal Code is constantly being revised based on changes in public attitudes toward crime and on crime measurements. Crime rates are measured using official reporting to police through the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) system, victimization surveys, and self-reports. Results of victimization surveys and self-report studies show that official police statistics tap only a fraction of violent offenses occurring each year. In particular, violent crimes against women and children are grossly underreported. Opinion surveys indicate that fear of violence is a major public concern, and the media plays a significant role in the shaping of public attitudes. In addition, demographic, social, and political factors contribute to the increased concern over violent crime. A conceptual framework to explain fear of violence is presented, and crime prevention recommendations are offered. Violent crimes in the UCR system are listed in an appendix. 48 references, 1 table, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Foreign crime statistics
Index Term(s): Canada; Citizen crime reporting; Crime in foreign countries; Criminology; Fear of crime; Foreign crime prevention; Media violence; Public Opinion of Crime; Self reported crimes; Victimization surveys; Victims in foreign countries; Violence prevention; Violent crimes
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