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NCJ Number: 150260 Find in a Library
Title: Increased Felonization of Probation and Its Impact on the Function of Probation: A Descriptive Look at County Level Data From the 1980s and 1990s
Journal: Perspectives  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:(Summer 1994)  Pages:42-46
Author(s): W W Johnson; M Jones
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 5
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from local probation agencies in three counties in East Texas were examined to determine if a significant change has occurred in the composition of probation caseloads with respect to the seriousness of the offense.
Abstract: The research examined data from 1979 through 1991. During this period, factors that significantly affected Texas probation services included a sharp increase in the number of offenders on probation and the use of prison capacity limits as a result of inmate lawsuits. The analysis revealed that the number of felony probationers increased more than 200 percent during the time period, compared to a much smaller relative percentage increase in the number of misdemeanants. Findings indicated the need to train probation officers to deal with the increasing numbers of felons. Such training should include the legal and mechanical use of firearms and increased emphasis on self- defense training. Proactive forms of intervention such as interpersonal communication or interviewing must also be covered. Training programs also need to assess the quality and quantity of demands placed on probation managers as a result of the expansion in probation and to develop programs that respond to those demands. Probation agencies must also develop adequate information systems and data analyses to avoid devoting resources to reactive strategies instead of providing line officers with meaningful responses to emerging management and service problems. Figures, end note, and 24 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Probation or parole officer training; Probation statistics; Probationers; Texas
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