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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 150320 Find in a Library
Title: Forging Links to Treat the Substance-Abusing Offender: Challenges and Directions for the 1990s
Journal: Center for Substance Abuse Treatment Communique  Dated:(Spring 1993)  Pages:1-2,4
Author(s): L W Scheckel
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The number of drug-abusing offenders in the criminal justice system has reached crisis proportions, and the treatment community faces extraordinary challenges in providing services to these offenders.
Abstract: In 1991, the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported an estimated 1.01 million State and local arrests for drug law violations. Arrests related to alcohol and other drug use increased by 126 percent during the past decade. Drug offenders accounted for 56 percent of the population in Federal correctional facilities in 1991, up from 25 percent in 1979. More than half of the inmates in local jails reported being under the influence of drugs or alcohol at the time of their offense, and over 70 percent of offenders in many metropolitan areas tested positive for drugs. The National Institute of Justice estimates that up to 80 percent of offenders, parolees, and probationers have some type of substance abuse problem related to their criminal activity. Drug-abusing offenders commit four to eight times more crimes than other criminals, and studies indicate that offenders who receive correctional or community-based drug treatment are less likely to return to criminal activity. Nonetheless, drug treatment in Federal prisons reaches only a small fraction of inmates with serious substance abuse problems. Fewer than 20 percent of State inmates with substance abuse problems receive any type of drug treatment. State correctional officials report that the lack of information about what other States are doing hinders their ability to enhance existing treatment services. State correctional officials also report limited treatment funds and difficulties in assuring adequate aftercare. Costs and benefits of providing treatment to drug offenders are considered, as well as treatment issues, options, and principles.
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Alcohol-crime relationship; Alcohol-Related Offenses; Arrest statistics; Corrections effectiveness; Drug abuse; Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment; Drug-abusing inmates; Inmate drug treatment; Offender statistics
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