skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 150500 Find in a Library
Title: Improving the Educational Skills of Jail Inmates: Preliminary Program Findings
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:58  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:55-59
Author(s): R A Tewksbury; G F Vito
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The importance of education in reintegrating offenders into society is emphasized, and the Real Opportunities Behind Bars for Employment (ROBBE) program in Jefferson County, Kentucky, is described.
Abstract: Studies indicate a link between lack of education and crime and imply that criminality may be a functional substitute for a legitimate career. Instead of providing released inmates with subsistence incomes, it may be more beneficial to provide job skills before release and assistance in securing employment upon release. Although correctional education programs have grown, there are significant practical differences between educational programming options for jail and prison inmates. Jails serve short-term populations and lack the space available in prison facilities. Jail inmates also lack parole incentives and good-time credit sentence reductions available to their prison counterparts. Nonetheless, educational programs benefit both jail and prison inmates. In Jefferson County, Kentucky, the ROBBE program is designed to serve 600 jail inmates over a 2-year period. Offered at two locations to medium-security inmates, the program's instructional model is based on the Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System (CASAS), a widely used method of assessing adult basic skills and English as a second language abilities. Early results from the ROBBE program indicate that jail inmates benefit from individualized instruction under CASAS. The major question, however, is whether this improvement translates into success on the streets, and further evaluation of the ROBBE program is planned. 35 references and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections
Index Term(s): Employment-crime relationships; Ex-offender employment; Inmate Education Assistance Programs; Kentucky; Social reintegration
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.