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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 150501 Find in a Library
Title: Results of a Multisite Study of Boot Camp Prisons
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:58  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:60-66
Author(s): D L MacKenzie
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-DD-CX-0061
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
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United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A survey of State correctional systems conducted in 1990 to determine the number and type of boot camp prisons operating in the United States found that only 14 States had boot camp programs.
Abstract: Eight of the 14 States agreed to participate in a study of boot camp effectiveness (Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, New York, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Texas). The study evaluated boot camp program implementation and development, attitude changes of program participants, recidivism and positive adjustment of offenders during community supervision, and program impact on prison crowding. The eight programs had fairly rigid eligibility criteria, and most targeted young offenders who had been convicted of nonviolent crimes. Eligibility criteria also further restricted participation to offenders who did not have serious criminal histories. In general, boot camp participants indicated programs were more stressful than they anticipated, while correctional officers were very enthusiastic about the programs. The boot camp atmosphere had a positive impact on offenders but it could not be concluded that boot camps definitively affected the recidivism of program graduates. The author concludes that boot camps can be designed to reduce prison crowding and that boot camps may be effective in combination with rehabilitation programs, intensive supervision, and enhanced aftercare. 13 references, 5 notes, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Corrections statistics; Florida; Georgia (USA); Illinois; Louisiana; New York; Oklahoma; Prison overcrowding; Recidivism; Shock incarceration programs; South Carolina; Texas
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