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NCJ Number: 150527 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Poverty, Crack, and Crime: A Cross-City Analysis
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:31  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1994)  Pages:311-327
Author(s): E Baumer
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, MD 20014
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 3-8050-MO-IJ; S-5-33331
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between cocaine use among arrestees and homicide, robbery, and burglary rates for the 24 cities participating in the Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) Program.
Abstract: To isolate the effects of rates of cocaine use among arrestees on crime rates, the analysis included controls for additional city characteristics, including population composition and selected indicators of economic deprivation and social disorganization. Multivariate analyses revealed that arrestee cocaine use had a positive and significant effect on city robbery rates, net of other predictors. The effect of arrestee cocaine use on homicide is more modest, and no effect was found for burglary. Although these results must be interpreted cautiously, they suggest that cocaine use elevates violent crime rates in a city beyond levels expected on the basis of known sociodemographic determinants. Findings indicated that serious consideration should be given to community-level indicators of drug abuse in formulating theories to explain inner-city violence and policies to reduce it. Tables, notes, and 39 references
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Criminology; Drug Use Forecasting system
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