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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 150588 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gangs and Incarcerated Delinquents: Exploring the Ties Between Gang Membership, Delinquency, and Social Learning Theory
Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:11  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:229-256
Author(s): L T Winfree Jr; G L Mays; T Vigil-Backstrom
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 28
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from incarcerated juveniles in New Mexico in January 1991 formed the basis of an analysis of the conceptual and empirical links between membership in youth gangs, juvenile delinquency, and Akers' social learning theory.
Abstract: The 258 males and females who took part in the study represented more than 85 percent of all adjudicated and incarcerated juvenile delinquents in the State on that day. They completed questionnaires that gathered information about self-reported involvement in 22 delinquent activities, gang membership, associations with peers and adults, differential reinforcements, attitudes toward gangs, and personal characteristics. Results revealed that gang members had acquired more pro-gang attitudes than had nongang youths and were also more favorably inclined toward gang activities. However, neither gang membership nor the gang-based social learning theory variables were uniformly related to all forms of self-reported juvenile delinquency. Tables, footnotes, appended table, and 70 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Juvenile offender attitudes
Index Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; New Mexico; Peer influences on behavior; Social Learning
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