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NCJ Number: 150743 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Punishment Celerity and Severity: Testing a Specific Deterrence Model on Drunk Driving Recidivism
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:22  Issue:4  Dated:(1994)  Pages:355- 366
Author(s): J Yu
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
Washington, DC 20590
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The author examines the effects of punishment celerity and severity simultaneously in a specific deterrence model of drunk driving; additive and interaction equations are estimated, with legal and nonlegal conditions controlled.
Abstract: Data obtained from driver license files in New York provided a systematic random sample of 13,801 drivers who had at least one driving while intoxicated (DWI) conviction record. Study measures included drunk driving recidivism, punishment severity, punishment celerity, and interaction effects. Findings suggested that an increase in fines significantly decreased the probability of recidivism when license withdrawal was mandatory. Some effect was noted for the swift imposition of fines, but no independent effect was observed for license actions. The lack of impact of license actions may have reflected the association between offense seriousness and license action severity. Overall, punishment severity increased the specific deterrent effect. Implications of the study results for public policies against drunk driving are discussed. Supporting data on New York DWI penalties since 1978 are appended. 44 references, 6 notes, and 3 tables
Main Term(s): Drug offenders
Index Term(s): Courts; Deterrence; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Drunk offenders; Fines; New York; Punishment; Recidivism; Recidivists
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