skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 150755 Find in a Library
Title: Under the Influence? Drugs and the American Work Force
Editor(s): J Normand; R O Lempert; C P O'Brien
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 330
Sponsoring Agency: National Academies Press
Washington, DC 20001
Publication Number: ISBN 0-309-04885-0
Sale Source: National Academies Press
500 Fifth Street, N.W.
Keck 360
Washington, DC 20001
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report examines a wide range of studies on the magnitude and severity of alcohol and other drug use among the work force, as well as the probable effects of alcohol and other drugs on the work force.
Abstract: These studies include laboratory experiments, field studies, epidemiological surveys, organization-specific prevalence reports, and descriptive accounts as well as empirical evaluations of drug intervention programs. Part I summarizes current knowledge on the primary causes and the severity and magnitude of alcohol and other drug use. One chapter provides insight on the etiology of alcohol and other drug use, and another examines the latest prevalence estimates and trends in alcohol and other drug-use behavior. Part II addresses the critical issue of the impact of alcohol and other drug use on behavior. One chapter summarizes a substantial body of literature that has evaluated the effects of various classes of drugs on performance within controlled laboratory settings, including effects of stimulants, sedatives, and marijuana. Another chapter reviews applied research on the potential causal relationship between alcohol and other drug use and various work-related outcome measures, such as job performance and productivity indicators. Part III addresses the effectiveness of intervention programs, with emphasis on drug-testing programs. Appended discussion of measurement, methodological and design issues, as well as drug-testing legal issues, chapter references, biographical sketches, and a subject index
Main Term(s): Drug effects
Index Term(s): Employer-employee relations; Occupational safety and health; Substance abuse in the workplace
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.