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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 150940 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Police Response to Drugs and Gangs: Case Studies of Police Decisionmaking
Author(s): D L Weisel; J E Eck
Corporate Author: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
United States of America
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 164
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-IJ-CX-K008
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Narrative case studies of five police departments focus on the various approaches the departments have used in responding to gang problems in their communities, with attention to the nexus between drugs and gangs in these jurisdictions.
Abstract: The five agencies examined were the Metro-Dade Police Department (Miami), the Chicago Police Department, the Austin Police Department, the Kansas City Police Department, and the San Diego Police Department. Using an expert panel, the research staff developed a site protocol to guide on- site data collection. Information was collected through structured interviews with identified individuals within and outside the agency. Extensive documentation was collected through interdepartmental memoranda, news clippings, crime statistics, general orders, and other documents. The study found that gang problems and behaviors varied widely from city to city as well as within cities. This suggests the importance of crafting individual responses to gangs in accordance with their characteristics and behaviors. Types of criminal activity varied from gang to gang. There was no clear pattern of gang involvement in drug activity. The connection was only anecdotal and points to the need for additional research on this issue. Police consistently reported gangs to be less structured and organized than commonly believed. Consistent with a wide variation in gang problems was a similar variation in police responses to gang problems. Most of the departments used a combination of suppression, intelligence gathering, and investigatory strategies. Few agencies engaged in long-term planning or conducted research related to the nature of the problem; no agency provided extensive gang training to personnel or conducted any useful evaluations of the effectiveness of specific departmental efforts to counter gangs. Suggestions for additional research are offered. Tables and figures
Main Term(s): Police effectiveness
Index Term(s): Drug law offenses; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Juvenile/Youth Gangs; Police decisionmaking
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