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NCJ Number: 151020 Find in a Library
Title: State-Organized Crime (From Constructions of Deviance: Social Power, Context, and Interaction, P 169-184, 1994, Patricia A and Peter Adler, eds. -- See NCJ-151012)
Author(s): W J Chambliss
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Wadsworth Publishing Co
Belmont, CA 94002
Sale Source: Wadsworth Publishing Co
20 Davis Drive
Belmont, CA 94002
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The most important type of criminality organized by the state consists of acts defined by law as criminal and committed by state officials in the pursuit of their jobs as state representatives; examples include state complicity in piracy, smuggling, assassination, and criminal conspiracies.
Abstract: State-organized crime normally does not include criminal acts that benefit only individual officeholders, such as the acceptance of bribes or the illegal use of violence by the police against individuals. Smuggling occurs when a government has successfully cornered the market on a commodity or when it seeks to keep a commodity of another nation from crossing its borders. States are frequently involved in organized drug and arms smuggling activities, and links of the U.S. Government to such activities are examined, particularly during the Vietnam War and the 1980's with the Iran-Contra affair. The role of the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Council, the Defense Department, and the State Department in drug and arms smuggling, money laundering, assassination, and other criminal activities is addressed. The author concludes that some types of state agencies are more prone to engage in criminality than others and that important parallels exist between state-organized criminality and the criminality of police and law enforcement agencies generally. 34 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Drug smuggling; Federal government; Police corruption; Political crimes; Political influences; State-corporate crime
Note: Reprinted from Criminology, V 27, N 2 (1989)
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=151020

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