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NCJ Number: 151227 Find in a Library
Title: Perceiving Need for Drug Treatment: A Look at Eight Hypotheses
Author(s): R Fiorentine; M D Anglin
Corporate Author: University of California, Los Angeles
Drug Abuse Research Group
Neuropsychiatric Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 45
Sponsoring Agency: California Dept of Alcohol and Drug Programs
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Grant Number: 91-00315; DA07699
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from the Drug Use Forecasting Program were used to examine eight hypotheses that predict the perceived need for drug treatment among drug-using arrestees.
Abstract: The Use-Severity hypothesis is that those with severe drug problems are more likely to perceive the need for drug treatment than are those with less severe drug problems. The Drug-Type hypothesis poses that equally severe use of different drugs could lead to different perceived need for drug treatment. The Treatment-Experience hypothesis suggests that previous treatment experience could influence the perceived need for treatment. The Gender Help-Seeking hypothesis suggests that with the same drug problems, women may be more likely than men to perceive a need for drug treatment. The Ethnic-Diversity hypothesis reasons that there could be ethnic differences in the types or level of drug use, the perception of what constitutes misuse, and the perceived appropriateness or efficacy of existing treatment services, which could produce differences in the perceived need for treatment. The Maturing-Out hypothesis poses that older drug users tire of their lifestyle and look favorably toward treatment to help them solve their drug problems. The Social-Isolation hypothesis suggests that socially isolated drug users are more likely to perceive the need for treatment compared to their more socially integrated counterparts. The final hypothesis, the AIDS-fear hypothesis, holds that drug users engaging in AIDS risk behaviors, such as needle sharing, are more likely to perceive the need for treatment. Findings support five of the eight hypotheses, namely those related to drug severity, drug type, prior treatment experience, ethnicity, and the fear of AIDS. There was no support for the gender-related help-seeking or the social-isolation hypotheses, and the findings contradict the maturing-out hypothesis. Policy implications are discussed. 63 references and 2 tables
Main Term(s): Drug treatment programs
Index Term(s): Corrections policies; Drug Use Forecasting system
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