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NCJ Number: 151402 Find in a Library
Title: Broken Windows and Fractured History: The Use and Misuse of History in Recent Police Patrol Analysis (From Police and Society: Touchstone Readings, P 53-68, 1995, Victor E. Kappeler, ed. - See NCJ-151401)
Author(s): S Walker
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Waveland Press, Inc.
Long Grove, IL 60047
Sale Source: Waveland Press, Inc.
4180 IL Route 83
Suite 101
Long Grove, IL 60047
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines how James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling used history in developing their proposal for reorienting police patrol.
Abstract: In their proposal, Wilson and Kelling drew on recent patrol experiments and on a rethinking of police history to call for a return to an older, watchman style of policing. Their perspective on police history was further developed in an article co-authored by Kelling and Mark H. Moore. This author argues that Wilson, Kelling, and Moore have misinterpreted police history in several important ways: they exaggerated the depersonalization of American policing from the 1930's to the present, they overemphasized the crime control orientation of the police, they presented no valid historical evidence to prove that the police formerly enjoyed substantial political legitimacy, and they failed to recognize that the watchman style of policing was inefficient and corrupt. Despite these analytical problems, a revitalized, community-oriented policing approach is a goal both worth pursuing and feasible. 3 notes and 26 references
Main Term(s): Police reform
Index Term(s): Community policing; History of policing; Police-citizen interactions; Public Opinion of the Police
Note: Justice Quarterly, 1(1): 75-90. Reprinted with permission of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences.
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