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NCJ Number: 151449 Find in a Library
Title: Review of Northwest Territories Demographic, Economic, and Social Data and Recent Literature Related to Justice in the Northwest Territories
Corporate Author: University of Regina
School of Human Justice
Prairie Justice Research Consortium
Project Director: R Schriml
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 133
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
University of Regina
Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 0A2, Canada
Sale Source: University of Regina
School of Human Justice
Prairie Justice Research Consortium
Regina, Saskatchewan S4S 0A2,
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: In addition to providing demographic, economic, and social data on Canada's Northwest Territories (NWT), this report includes statistics on crime and the criminal justice system.
Abstract: On a per capita basis between 1986 and 1991, the NWT had a high number of criminal code offenses compared to Canada as a whole (32 versus 11 per 100 persons). Offense rates were also significantly higher for violent crimes in the NWT (5.7 times the national average) and for disturbing the peace (14.4 times the national average). After adjusting for population changes, violent crimes increased by 40 percent between 1986 and 1991, largely because the number of assaults and sexual assaults grew rapidly. Violent crime subcategories showing declines between 1986 and 1991 included homicide, sexual assault with a weapon, and robbery with a weapon. Certain property crimes increased over the 5- year period, such as breaking and entering residences and motor vehicle and snowmobile theft. During the same period, the number of adults charged with criminal code offenses increased by 43 percent, while offense incidence rose by 59 percent. Young offenders in the NWT committed three times as many offenses per capita as young offenders in Canada as a whole. Probation rates in the NWT were considerably lower than in the rest of Canada, 401 probations per 10,000 adults charged in the NWT versus 821 probations per 10,000 adults charged in the rest of Canada. Compared to Canada as a whole between 1986 and 1991, the NWT experienced much higher growth rates in welfare and community service workers, police officers, and security guards. NWT aboriginals indicated that common concerns included unemployment, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, family violence, and suicide. Detailed appendixes provide a chronology of key events in the NWT, an annotated bibliography, and a list of tables
Main Term(s): Foreign crime statistics
Index Term(s): Adult offenders; Canada; Corrections in foreign countries; Crime in foreign countries; Demography; Foreign courts; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign police; Juvenile offenders; Offender statistics; Offense statistics; Probation statistics; Property crime statistics; Victims in foreign countries; Violent crime statistics
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program
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