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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 151479 Find in a Library
Title: Substance Abuse and Women on Welfare
Author(s): J C Merrill; K S Fox; J C Friedman; G E Pulver
Corporate Author: National Ctr on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Carnegie Corporation of New York
New York, NY 10036
Ford Foundation
New York, NY 10017
National Ctr on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
New York, NY 10017-6706
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Princeton, NJ 08543
Sale Source: National Ctr on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA)
633 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017-6706
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This analysis of drug abuse among women on welfare concludes that drug abuse treatment and aftercare must be a critical element of any meaningful welfare reform plan; otherwise, it will be impossible to train the 1.3 million welfare recipients with drug or alcohol problems so that they can obtain and hold jobs.
Abstract: Overall, 28 percent of adults receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) abuse or are addicted to drugs and alcohol, a higher rate than the 20 percent of people in a comparable age group not receiving public assistance. Almost 90 percent of adult AFDC recipients are female. Thirty-seven percent of AFDC women ages 18-24 abuse drugs or are addicted; 27 percent of AFDC mothers abuse drugs, compared to 9 percent of mothers who do not receive AFDC. Drug, alcohol, and tobacco use by a pregnant woman affects the newborn child as well as the mother. For some AFDC recipients, addiction may have led to job loss and welfare dependency. For others, drug abuse may make moving from welfare dependency to self-sufficiency virtually impossible. Because the most important issue in the debate over welfare reform is how to help individuals on AFDC become self-sufficient, drug treatment for welfare recipients with drug or alcohol problems is crucial. 15 reference notes
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Criminology; Drug dependence; Females; Indigents; Low income target groups; Welfare services
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