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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 151982 Find in a Library
Title: Drugs and Crime in Lifestyle Perspective
Author(s): G D Walters
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 138
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8039-5602-9
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This book explores conditions, choices, cognitions, and change strategies considered to be crucial in the development of drug and criminal lifestyles; drug abuse and criminal activity are viewed as interrelated lifestyles from the perspective of the lifestyle theory of human decisionmaking.
Abstract: A feature of the lifestyle model that reflects its utility is the unified explanation it offers for drug abuse, crime, and the drug-crime connection. Drug abuse and criminal activity are conceptualized as overlapping lifestyles that, although distinct, are nonetheless bound by a common set of variables. Historical-developmental conditions, the focus of most traditional perspectives on the drug-crime connection, not only fail to explain the drug-crime overlap but in many cases show opposing patterns for these two forms of deviant behavior. Emotions and motivations are incorporated in the lifestyle theory; the theory purports to assist the individual by acknowledging the presence of existential fear and reinforcing the individual's adaptive resources. Lifestyle theory asserts that assimilation and accommodation are ways in which the individual manages his or her existential fear of change and uncertainty. The author indicates that the most common pathway between drug abuse and crime involves situations in which drug use causes crime by loosening inhibitions, distorting judgment, fostering criminal associations, or creating a need for money. 369 references, 1 table, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Drug Related Crime
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime prevention measures; Drug abuse; Psychological research; Psychological theories; Social conditions
Note: Drugs, Health, and Social Policy Series, Volume I
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