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NCJ Number: 151987 Find in a Library
Title: Bully/Victim Problems Among Schoolchildren: Basic Facts and Effects of a School Based Intervention Program (From Development and Treatment of Childhood Aggression, P 411- 448, 1991, D J Pepler and K H Rubin, eds.)
Author(s): D Olweus
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 38
Sponsoring Agency: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc
Mahawah, NJ 07430
Sale Source: Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc
Publicity Manager
10 Industrial Avenue
Mahawah, NJ 07430
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Bullying by school children represents a major problem in Scandinavian countries; estimates derived from surveys of more than 150,000 students in Norway and Sweden indicated that about 9 percent of children in grades one to nine were fairly regular victims of bullying and that 7 to 8 percent engaged in bullying others.
Abstract: Younger and weaker students reported being more exposed to bullying than older students, and boys were most often victims and perpetrators of bullying. In response to the bullying problem, Norway's Ministry of Education launched a school-based intervention program in 1983. The program was based on an authoritative adult-child interaction model and on the existing social environment involving teachers, students, and parents. The program emphasized measures and attitudes characterized by positive teacher and parent involvement, firm limits on unacceptable behavior, and consistent use of noncorporal sanctions for rule violations. An evaluation of the program, based on a quasiexperimental design, involved four adjacent cohorts of 600-700 subjects each from 42 schools. Time-lagged contrasts between age equivalent groups were used to assess program effects. Analysis showed that the frequency of bullying decreased by 50 percent or more during the 2 years following the intervention program. Similar results were obtained for boys and girls and across all grades (four through nine). Program effects were somewhat stronger after 2 years than after 1 year. In addition, the prevalence of such antisocial behaviors as theft, vandalism, and truancy exhibited a substantial decline. At the same time, student satisfaction with school life increased. The nature and causes of bullying are discussed, and the main content of the intervention program and its key principles are described. 38 references, 1 table, and 16 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child victims; Crime in foreign countries; Crime in schools; Foreign crime prevention; Foreign crime statistics; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Juvenile delinquency prevention programs; Juvenile offenders; Norway; Scandinavia; Students; Sweden; Victims in foreign countries
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