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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 152172 Find in a Library
Title: U.S. Drug Interdiction Issues in Latin America: Statement of Joseph E. Kelley, Director-in-Charge, International Affairs Issues, National Security and International Affairs Division, U.S. General Accounting Office, Before the House Committee on Government Operations, Legislation and National Security
Author(s): J E Kelley
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
National Security and International Affairs Division
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Azimuth Inc.
Fairmont, WV 26554
National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO/T-NSLAD-95-32
Sale Source: Azimuth Inc.
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National Institute of Justice/
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislative Hearing/Committee Report
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The General Accounting Office assessed the impact of the May 1994 U.S. decision to stop sharing real-time detection and monitoring information with Peru and other Latin American countries that could be used to shoot down civilian aircraft suspected of transporting illegal drugs.
Abstract: Peru grows over 60 percent of the world's coca crop that is used by Colombian cartels in cocaine production. U.S. officials estimate that almost 90 percent of drug trafficking activity involving Peru and Colombia occurs by air. Aircraft carry cocaine base from Peru to Colombia for final processing into cocaine and ultimate distribution in the United States and elsewhere. Due to concern that information shared with certain Latin American countries could be used to shoot down civilian aircraft and thus violate international law, the Department of Defense halted the flow of real-time aircraft tracking information to Peru and Colombia in May 1994. This decision's full impact on the flow of drugs is unclear. Information reports from both U.S. and Peruvian officials indicate that the policy has had an adverse impact on the ability to disrupt drug trafficking activities because the ground-based radar in Peru has been shut down. However, indicators of drug trafficking activities which could be affected by the policy, such as the number of illegal drug flights being detected and the amount of cocaine base being shipped from Peru to Colombia, are inconclusive. What does seem clear is that pilots flying between Peru and Colombia have changed their operations since there is little fear of interception by U.S. and Peruvian forces. Changes in flight patterns of drug traffickers after the May 1994 decision are noted.
Main Term(s): International drug law enforcement
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Colombia; Drug smuggling; Latin America; Peru
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