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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 152222 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding the Canadian Criminal Justice System: Process Chart and Handbook
Corporate Author: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada
Sale Source: Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics
19th Floor
R H Coates Building
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6,
Type: Survey
Language: English; French
Country: Canada
Annotation: This document is designed to help criminal justice system clients in Canada understand the system and its legislative and organizational foundation.
Abstract: The Canadian criminal justice system is comprised of three major components -- police, courts, and correctional services -- each of which includes several types of official decisionmakers. This booklet summarizes the flow of cases through the criminal justice system, beginning with the commission of a crime, a police response, and the issuance of a court appearance notice. At that point, charges may be laid, an offender arrested without warrant, or alternative measures invoked. If none of these steps are taken, the offender appears at a judicial interim release hearing and eventually, the trial court (youth or adult). A plea is entered, and the trial begins, during which the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused actually committed the crime. The jury or judge makes a decision regarding the accused's guilt or innocence and, if guilty, determines the appropriate disposition of the case. Options include discharge, fine, forfeiture of proceeds, probation order, suspended sentence, compensation to victim, community service order, custody, or treatment.
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Canada; Case processing; Foreign criminal justice systems; Statistics
Note: US Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, International Crime Statistics Program.
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