skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 152235 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Violence, Guns, and Illicit Drug Markets
Series: NIJ Research Preview
Author(s): A Blumstein
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 0
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Audiovisual Program
Box 6000 Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This video presents a lecture by Alfred Blumstein regarding his analysis of crime patterns over the past few decades, with attention to the distinctive increase in violent juvenile offenses committed with handguns; he theorizes about the possible causes of this trend and suggests preventive measures.
Abstract: A review of crime rates over the past few decades shows that they have generally been flat, with the exception of a sharp increase in violent juvenile crime from 1985 into the late 1980s. This escalation in violent crime committed with handguns was particularly strong among young black males in inner cities. Blumstein associates this trend in handgun violence in the inner city with an increase in drug dealing. He hypothesizes that with the drug demand there was a major recruitment of inner-city youth for the drug trade. The drug-dealing kids then acquired guns as part of their trade, which began a "snowball" effect of gun ownership among juveniles in the inner city, both as a status symbol and as a means of protection. In time, guns became a standard tool for expressing anger and dealing with conflicts among young blacks in the inner city. Blumstein advises that since gun-purchasing and gun-carrying by juveniles is illegal in every jurisdiction, police agencies should focus their resources on enforcing these laws. Such enforcement efforts should help to curtail the epidemic of juvenile handgun violence.
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Firearm-crime relationships; Juvenile crime patterns; Juvenile gun ownership; Weapons violations
Note: Color VHS video, 60 minutes.; from the NIJ "Research in Progress" seminar series. Video also available in open captioned.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.