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NCJ Number: 152340 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Delinquency Prevention in the First Few Years of Life
Author(s): D P Farrington
Corporate Author: University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: University of Cambridge
Cambridge, CB3 9DT, England
Type: Presentation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on findings from randomized experiments, this paper reviews juvenile delinquency prevention methods that are targeted on the development of children and families, and that can be implemented between conception and age 5-6.
Abstract: These methods can be considered early developmental prevention to distinguish them from situational prevention, social prevention, and prevention through criminal justice system measures. The discussion notes that the stability of antisocial behavior from childhood to adulthood suggests that delinquency prevention efforts should be implemented as early in a child's life as possible. Adolescent pregnancy, drug abuse in pregnancy, and perinatal complications such as low birth weight are risk factors for a variety of undesirable outcomes, including low intelligence and attainment, hyperactivity and impulsivity, child behavior problems, aggression, and juvenile delinquency. Therefore, prevention programs should target these risk factors and follow up the children into adolescence and adulthood. Home visiting programs, trying to improve child-rearing methods and parental knowledge about child development, seem to be quite effective. Other approaches should include training in cognitive- behavioral interpersonal skills to improve self-control, preschool intellectual enrichment programs to develop cognitive skills, and training of parents. Because of the link between crime and many other social problems, any measure that succeeds in reducing crime will have additional benefits as well. 81 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
Index Term(s): Child development; Family support; Parent and child education; Parent education; Parental influence
Note: Plenary address given at the 4th European Conference on Law and Psychology, Barcelona, Spain, April 1994
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