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NCJ Number: 152597 Find in a Library
Title: Attributions for Episodes of Marital Aggression: The Effects of Aggression Severity and Alcohol Use
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:9  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1994)  Pages:371-381
Author(s): M Senchak; K E Leonard
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 11
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The attitudes of husbands and wives involved in spouse abuse in which the husband was the perpetrator were examined in terms of the severity of the aggression and the husbands' alcohol use.
Abstract: The participants were 117 wives and 109 husbands, who reported an episode of serious physical aggression during a structured interview that was conducted at 1 year of marriage. Results revealed that husbands' attributions were influenced by both severity and alcohol use. In particular, sober husbands tended to blame their wives for severe aggression, whereas, unexpectedly, drinking husbands tended to assume responsibility for severe aggression. In contrast, wives' attributions were influenced mainly by the severity of the abuse. Wives held husbands' behavior more responsible than their own behavior for severe aggression and held husbands' character much more responsible than their own character. Findings indicate the need to consider attributions for marital aggression as a complex process. Figures and 24 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Victim attitudes
Index Term(s): Abused women; Abusing spouses; Alcohol-crime relationship; Domestic assault; Offender attitudes; Victims of violent crime
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