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NCJ Number: 152668 Find in a Library
Title: Medellin Cartel: Why We Can't Win the Drug War
Journal: Studies in Conflict and Terrorism  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:(October- December 1994)  Pages:323-344
Author(s): R Filippone
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 22
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article details the reasons why the supply reduction strategies aimed at winning the drug war adopted by the Reagan, Bush, and Clinton administrations cannot work, with emphasis on the organizational structure and operations of the Medellin cartel.
Abstract: The Colombian cartels have controlled the international cocaine trade since their formation more than 10 years ago. They supply more than 80 percent of the cocaine smuggled into the United States each year. The Medellin cartel's operations extend well beyond the production and transportation of cocaine. The political, social, and cultural activities the cartel undertakes extend its influence well beyond those directly involved in drug trafficking. In addition, the financial benefits of narcotics trafficking provide benefits to vast segments of Colombian society. Moreover, the Cali cartel has learned from the mistakes of the Medellin cartel and is even more effective at putting drugs on streets in the United States. Overall, the total failure of supply reduction programs indicates the strength of the drug cartels. 78 reference notes (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Drug Policy
Index Term(s): Colombia; Crime in foreign countries; Drug law offenses; Drug sources; International drug law enforcement; Organized crime; United States of America
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