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NCJ Number: 152735 Find in a Library
Title: Drug Use Among Homicide Victims: Changing Patterns
Journal: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology  Volume:14  Issue:3  Dated:(1993)  Pages:234-237
Author(s): J C Garriott
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Technical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Complete toxicology screens were performed on homicide victims in Bexar County, Texas, in 1985, 1986, 1990, and 1991 to assess drug use.
Abstract: All cases of homicide in which the victim was over 15 years of age were included in the analysis. Toxicology procedures were used to detect lower alcohols, alkaline drugs, acidic and neutral drugs, opiates, and cocaine and cocaine metabolites. When urine was available, screening was performed by fluorescence polarization immunoassay. Cannabinoids were measured in blood by a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) procedure. All drugs positive on screening were then confirmed and quantitated in blood by GC/MS. A high positivity rate for drugs and/or alcohol, ranging from 66 to 73 percent, was found for each year. Alcohol, present in more than half the cases, ranged from 54.2 to 60.3 percent. The detection of cocaine or cocaine metabolites increased drastically during the study period, from 1.6 percent of cases in 1985 to 18.7 percent in 1991. Heroin metabolites, indicative of recent heroin use, were detected in only 2 to 5 percent of the cases in each year studied. Drugs other than alcohol, cocaine, and heroin were detected in 7 to 25 percent of the cases. 17 references and 2 tables
Main Term(s): Drug testing
Index Term(s): Blood/body fluid analysis; Cocaine; Criminology; Forensic pathology; Heroin; Homicide victims; Marijuana; Poisons and poison analysis; Statistics; Urinalysis
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