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NCJ Number: 152853 Find in a Library
Title: Rational Choice Theory and Crime Prevention
Journal: Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention  Volume:3  Dated:(1994)  Pages:83-103
Author(s): M A Niggli
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 21
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Norway
Annotation: This paper addresses the status of rational choice theory (RCT) research, RCT applications in crime prevention, the role of RCT arguments in explaining deterrence theory, and implications of RCT for criminological theory integration.
Abstract: The paper considers difficulties in defining rationality. RCT is seen as a correct description of fundamental processes on more than just one level of explanation. Being a powerful but open structure, RCT can serve as a basis for theory construction but should and can be defined through integration with system, institutional economic, and individual decision theories. Implications and possible applications of RCT for crime prevention are discussed. RCT arguments are used to explain deterrence theory's failure and possible remedies are proposed. The function of criminal law in supporting conformity is stressed, and RCT's compatibility with social control and social learning theories is suggested. 184 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Crime control theory; Crime prevention measures; Criminal justice research; Criminology theory evaluation; Deterrence; Social control theory; Social Learning
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