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NCJ Number: 152871 Find in a Library
Title: Comparative Study of Hate Crime: Legislative, Judicial and Social Responses in Germany and the United States
Journal: European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:(1994)  Pages:39-64
Author(s): A Aronowitz
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 26
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: Hate crimes are examined in terms of how organizations in the United States and the governments of Germany and the United States are trying to identify the offenders and to measure and prevent these offenses.
Abstract: Hate crimes have occurred throughout history and across countries; they include psychological intimidation and physical persecution and punishment of one group by another. Current European definitions of hate crimes focus on the ethnic minority status of the victim, but do not address the situation of non- ethnic hate crimes. Measurement of hate crimes is difficult; the statistics should be reviewed with skepticism. The United States and Germany share similar problems identifying the parameters of hate crime and investigating it, but the countries differ in their legal approaches in that the German constitution bans neo-Nazi political activity, while the United States constitution protects it. Legislative efforts to punish hate-motivated offenses have produced little success in either country. However, social programs have been established in both countries to address the issue of prevention through education. Footnotes and 62 references
Main Term(s): Victims of violent crime
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Germany; Hate Crimes; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons
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