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NCJ Number: 152910 Find in a Library
Title: What Works in Reducing Adolescent Violence: An Empirical Review of the Field
Author(s): P Tolan; N Guerra
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 94
Sponsoring Agency: University of Colorado at Boulder
Boulder, CO 80302
Publication Number: F-888
Sale Source: University of Colorado at Boulder
Ctr for the Study and Prevention of Violence
Institute for Behavioral Science
1440 15th Street
Boulder, CO 80302
United States of America
Type: Literature Review
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents findings from a literature review on the effectiveness of various interventions to reduce adolescent violence.
Abstract: This review identifies approaches that should be avoided, approaches that merit cautious implementation without more evaluation, and approaches that can be characterized as "best bets." The review also highlights research and policy directions that are integral to further progress. Consistent with previous reviews and commission recommendations, this report concludes that the key to progress in addressing adolescent violence lies in obtaining a solid empirical base. Such a base depends on policy and funding to support evaluation, but it also relies on a recognition of the importance of evaluation by those who develop and implement programs. Evaluation of outcome should be a fundamental requirement of programs. At a minimum, evaluations of all programs should include the following five basic design characteristics: a description of the sample's demographic characteristics and risk or involvement level with regard to violence; a comparison group that is the same as the treated group; a description of the intervention methods applied; a measurement of violent and related behavior prior to and after the intervention; and a quantitative measure of effects. This set of parameters permits a basic evaluation of whom the program can help, whether it has some documentable effect, whether it is or is not harmful, and by what method violence is affected by the program. 146 references
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Evaluative research; Violence; Violence prevention
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