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NCJ Number: 153143 Find in a Library
Title: Progress in Prison Substance Abuse Treatment: A Five Year Report
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:24  Issue:1 and 2  Dated:(Winter/Spring 1994)  Pages:349-360
Author(s): H K Wexler
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 12
Type: Program/Project Description
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes progress in inmate substance abuse treatment over the last 5 years, along with a brief review of correctional substance abuse treatment approaches and recommendations for the future.
Abstract: Based on the available scientific evidence, drug treatment in correctional settings can curb recidivism when the programs have certain proven features. Some of the features are a clear and consistent treatment philosophy, an atmosphere of empathy and safety, the recruitment and maintenance of qualified treatment staff, clear rules of conduct, and the use of ex-offenders and ex-addicts as role models and staff members. Other important program features are the provision of relapse prevention; continuity of care throughout custody and upon release; the inclusion of treatment evaluations in program design; and the maintenance of treatment program integrity, autonomy, flexibility, and openness. The two major approaches to correctional substance abuse treatment are the self-help movement and the cognitive behavioral model. Various formats for these approaches are described in this article. Thirteen recommendations for improving correctional substance abuse treatment are provided. They pertain to mission, accountability, resources, management, consensus, sentencing, public relations, and program expansion. 21 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Inmate drug treatment; Treatment techniques
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