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NCJ Number: 153415 Find in a Library
Title: Controversy Over Repressed Memories
Journal: Virginia Child Protection Newsletter  Volume:43  Dated:Fall 1994  Pages:8-10
Editor(s): Joann Grayson
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 3
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses how people repress traumatic events and then have their memories emerge many years later and why some people repress but not others.
Abstract: The effect of stress on memory varies according to its intensity. Small amounts of stress often have a positive effect on alertness and facilitate memory, while intense stress can overstimulate the individual, cause high anxiety, and hinder memory functioning. The inability to remember events from early in life is apparently universal. Assessing the effects of stress or trauma on children's memory is difficult. Research studies of adult victims of child sexual abuse indicate that repressed memories of sexual abuse are probable and that the extent of memory repression depends on several distinct variables. Many therapists believe that repressed memories are authentic, but they also recognize that inaccurate memories can occur. Suggestion appears to be a leading cause of inaccurate memory. The need for more research to resolve the controversy about repressed memories is emphasized.
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Abused children; Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Child Sexual Abuse; Child victims; Courts; Psychological research; Psychological victimization effects; Sexual assault trauma; Sexual assault victims
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