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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 153703 Find in a Library
Title: Birth Complications Combined With Early Maternal Rejection at Age 1 Year Predispose to Violent Crime at Age 18 Years
Journal: Archives of General Psychiatry  Volume:51  Dated:(December 1994)  Pages:984-988
Author(s): A Raine; P Brennan; S A Mednick
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 5
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study tested the biosocial interaction hypothesis that birth complications, when combined with early maternal rejection, predispose individuals to adult violent crime.
Abstract: The subjects included 4,269 consecutive live males born in Denmark on whom measures of birth complications (forceps extraction, breech delivery, umbilical cord prolapse, preeclampsia, and long birth duration), early maternal rejection at age 1 year (related to home condition, marital status, and out-of-home placements for the infant), and violent crime at age 18 years, were collected. There was a significant interaction between birth complications and early maternal rejection indicating that these children were most likely to become violent offenders in adulthood. While only 4.5 percent of the cohort displayed both risk factors, this group accounted for 18 percent of all violent crimes committed by the group as a whole. This effect was not observed in relation to nonviolent offending. 1 figure and 37 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Denmark; Domestic relations; Home environment; Juveniles; Violent men; Violent offenders
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