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NCJ Number: 153888 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Role-Taking, Role Commitment, and Delinquency: A Theory of Differential Social Control
Journal: American Sociological Review  Volume:59  Issue:3  Dated:(June 1994)  Pages:365-390
Author(s): K Heimer; R L Matsueda
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Science Foundation
Arlington, VA 22230
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 87-IJ-CX-0028; SES-8711463; SES-8911211
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study builds on previous work which specified a theory of delinquency based on a symbolic interactionist view of the self as a reflection of the appraisals of others.
Abstract: That work is extended by identifying a broader range of individual-level mechanisms of social control, specifying group and organizational processes for controlling delinquency, conceptualizing classical criminological theories as special cases of a general interactionist framework, and testing the interactionist model empirically. The analysis used here focuses on the first three waves of data for 918 male respondents, between the ages of 11 and 17, who were interviewed in their homes in 1977, 1978, and 1979. A structural equation model of differential social control and delinquency consisted of six blocks of variables: background, prior delinquency, commitments to convention roles and parental objections to delinquency, role-taking, and outcome. The findings indicated that delinquency results largely from the variables that measure role-taking. Commitments to conventional roles, structural locations, and residential characteristics affected delinquency indirectly through role-taking. Delinquency also stemmed in part from association with delinquent peers. Results partially supported the labeling hypothesis of secondary deviance. While strong ties to conventional institutions exerted significant total effects on delinquency, these effects were mediated by role-taking. 1 table, 2 figures, 16 notes, 93 references, and 2 appendixes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juveniles; Role perception; Social control
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