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NCJ Number: 154193 Find in a Library
Title: Ecology of Homicide and Assault: Baltimore City and County, 1989-1991
Journal: Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(1995)  Pages:44-60
Author(s): K Harries
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 17
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Sweden
Annotation: This ecological study combines data for violent crimes from two adjacent jurisdictions, i.e., Baltimore City and Baltimore County, Maryland, at the census block group level of resolution.
Abstract: In this exploratory analysis, a set of 24 stressors is combined with a measure of violence for the period between 1989 and 1991 in a factor analytic framework for both jurisdiction, and for the 1,294 small units and block units individually. The stressors can be divided into eight clusters including socioeconomic status; minority status, age, gender, and family status; housing; residential stability; unemployment; occupational status; education; and Southern culture. The analysis generalized collinearity and revealed interpretable underlying dimensions. Three factors, poverty-violence, unemployment, and stable neighborhood, and, in an additional analysis, a fourth factor of affluence, accounted for approximately 50 percent of the variance in the data. Scores were computed for each block group and each factor, and were mapped and interpreted. The results indicate that crime prevention should consist of short-term elements emphasizing policing strategies, as well as long-term programs to facilitate family cohesion, education, job provision, standard housing, health care, and other social services. 4 tables, 3 figures, 37 references, and 1 appendix
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime prevention planning; Maryland; Statistics; Violent crimes
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