skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 154210 Find in a Library
Title: Work-Related Stress in American Trial Judges
Journal: Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:(1994)  Pages:71-83
Author(s): T D Eells; C R Showalter
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 9
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study aims to identify specific stressors in the work life of American trial judges, to assess the relationship of a judge's work environment to stress considered as response, to examine the relationship between stress as a response and psychological impairment, and to explore the moderating role of certain psychological factors on stress.
Abstract: Eighty-eight trial judges completed the National Judges Health Stress Questionnaire, the Judical Stress Inventory, and the Brief Report Inventory. The study showed positive correlations between stress and case variety, case backload, and pressure to move cases. The findings were consistent with research on stress in other occupations in terms of the importance of control over one's workday to contain stress levels. Factor analysis demonstrated that judicial stress could be classified by type of case, type of litigating party, purpose of a decision, judge's value conflicts, and seriousness of an offense. Finally, exercising judicial discretion and case management were found to be highly stressful work-related activities. The evidence regarding mitigating psychosocial factors was inconclusive. 4 tables and 40 notes
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Judges; Stress assessment; Trial courts; Work attitudes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.