skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 154374 Find in a Library
Title: Patterns of Drug Use From Adolescence to Young Adulthood: Periods of Risk for Initiation, Continued Use, and Discontinuation
Journal: American Journal of Public Health  Volume:74  Issue:7  Dated:(July 1984)  Pages:660-666
Author(s): D B Kandel; J A Logan
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Chicago, IL 60603
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA01097; DA02867; DA03196; DA00081
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study describes patterns of initiation, continued use, and decline in drug use on the basis of detailed drug histories in a longitudinal cohort representative of former New York State adolescents.
Abstract: The analyses are based on a followup in 1980-81 of a sample representative of adolescents formerly enrolled in grades 10 and 11 in public secondary schools in New York State in the fall of 1971. The data was obtained through personal household interviews based on a structured schedule and two charts designed to reconstruct monthly the respondents' drug and life histories. Information was collected on the histories of use of 12 drugs: two legal, four illegal, and six drugs that should be used only under medical prescription but that are also used on one's own. In this cohort, the period of major risk for initiation to cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana is completed for the most part by age 20, and to illicit drugs other than cocaine by age 21. Those who have not experimented with any of these substances by that age are unlikely to do so thereafter. Initiation into prescribed psychoactive drug occurs at a later age than for the licit and illicit drugs and continues through the age period covered by the survey. A potential maturational trend in marijuana use in this cohort is apparent, with a decline beginning approximately at age 22.5 for most usage patterns. The periods of highest marijuana and alcohol usage declined beginning at ages 20-21 and contrast sharply with cigarettes, which exhibit climbing rates of highest use through the end of the surveillance period (age 25). Overall patterns are similar for men and women, with men initiating all drugs at higher rates than women, except for prescribed psychoactives. 1 table, 3 figures, and 11 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Juvenile to adult criminal careers; Longitudinal studies; New York
Note: Free online PDF and HTML access to the American Journal of Public Health is provided by the publisher 24 months after individual issues are released.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.