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NCJ Number: 154498 Find in a Library
Title: Race of Appellant, Sentencing Guidelines, and Decisionmaking in Criminal Appeals: A Research Note
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:23  Issue:1  Dated:(1995)  Pages:83-91
Author(s): J J Williams
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 9
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the influence of race on decisions reached in criminal appeals from two Florida trial courts to an intermediate appellate court.
Abstract: Data were collected on 183 cases in which sentencing guidelines had been used and the trial courts' decisions appealed on issues related to sentencing, evidentiary questions, and jury trial questions. Independent variables used in the study, in addition to race, included appellant's criminal history, method of case disposition at trial court, appellant's conviction charge, guideline sentence, type of counsel on appeal, and the circuit court from which the appeal had originated. Controlling for several independent variables, the results showed that black appellants who had been sentenced in excess of the recommended maximum sentence were more likely than white defendants to have the sentence affirmed on appeal. 6 tables, 9 notes, and 37 references
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Appellate court decisions; Decisionmaking; Florida; Racial discrimination; Sentencing disparity; Sentencing guidelines
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