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NCJ Number: 154510 Find in a Library
Title: Corrections Systems Must Bear the Burden of New Legislation
Journal: Corrections Compendium  Volume:20  Issue:3  Dated:(March 1995)  Pages:1-3
Author(s): A Wunder
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 3
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Prison populations are rising at such a rapid rate that the prison system cannot keep pace; over 1 million people are incarcerated in the United States, and the U.S. incarceration rate surpasses that of almost any other country.
Abstract: To deal with the problem of prison overcrowding, it is important to determine what offense types contribute the most new admissions. Drug offenses appear to be the most significant in prison overcrowding, followed by violent crimes and property offenses. Further, variations in State law lead to different admission rates for specific offenses. In Massachusetts, for example, admissions for certain crimes have fallen while others have risen. National trends toward Truth in Sentencing and Three Strikes legislation may also contribute to prison overcrowding. The diversity of the prison overcrowding problem in Hawaii, Illinois, New York, Oregon, and Washington is described, and prison overcrowding in the United States and Canada is compared. Alternatives to incarceration are noted, including electronic monitoring, intensive probation supervision, community service, house arrest, early release on intensive parole, shock incarceration, and increased good time. 3 footnotes and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Canada; Foreign correctional facilities; Foreign inmates; Hawaii; Illinois; Inmate statistics; Massachusetts; New York; Oregon; Prison overcrowding; US/foreign comparisons; Washington
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